Bartonella are bacteria that live inside human or mammal cells. It is also passed in utero. There is a couple different species. In 1992 Bartonella was first described as an emerging disease. It is also carried by cats and causes cat-scratch disease, endocarditis, and several other diseases in humans.Bartonella bacteria is carried by fleas, body lice, and ticks and can be transmitted to humans and animals. Scientists have identified several species of Bartonella. There are different strains in different countries. They have found it in Peru, Columbia, and Ecuador being carried by sand flies. Recent studes have found body lice carry it and so do dust mites. Five different Bartonella species have been detected in 19.2% of I. pacificus ticks collected in California.
Bartonella can be anywhere from mild to serious. Early signs are fever, fatigue, headache, sore soles of feet, poor appetite, abnormal liver enzymes, encephalopathy, endocarditis, flu-like malaise, hemolysis with anemia, hepatomegaly, immune deficiency, jaundice, lymphadenopathy, myalgias,myocarditis, sore throat, splenomegaly, weakened immune response, and an unusual, streaked rash. Swollen glands are typical, especially around the head, neck and arms.
Blood test or antibody level test
PCR Test or Polymerase chain reaction and tissue biopsy can be used, however they are also insensitive, as are standard blood tests.
The common treatment for Bartonella is antibiotics. Erythromycin, Doxycycline, Levofloxacin Rifampin, Azithromycin have been used for standard Bartonella.
Links Pertaining to Bartonella
Bartonella spp. Bacteremia and Rheumatic Symptoms in Patients from Lyme Disease–endemic Region
Detection and Identification ofEhrlichia, Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato, andBartonella Species in Dutch Ixodes ricinusTicks
Isolation of a New Subspecies, Bartonella vinsoniisubsp. arupensis, from a Cattle Rancher: Identity with Isolates Found in Conjunction withBorrelia burgdorferiand Babesia microti among Naturally Infected Mice
Persistence of Bartonella spp. stealth pathogens: from subclinical infections to vasoproliferative tumor formation
Bartonella quintana-induced Vulval Bacillary Angiomatosis