Bartonella

Bartonella

Bartonella are bacteria that live inside human or mammal cells. It is also passed in utero. There is a couple different species. In 1992 Bartonella was first described as an emerging disease. It is also carried by cats and causes cat-scratch disease, endocarditis, and several other diseases in humans.Bartonella bacteria is carried by fleas, body lice, and ticks and can be transmitted to humans and animals. Scientists have identified several species of Bartonella. There are different strains in different countries. They have found it in Peru, Columbia, and Ecuador being carried by sand flies. Recent studes have found body lice carry it and so do dust mites. Five different Bartonella species have been detected in 19.2% of I. pacificus ticks collected in California.

Symptoms

Bartonella can be anywhere from mild to serious. Early signs are fever, fatigue, headache, sore soles of feet, poor appetite, abnormal liver enzymes, encephalopathy, endocarditis, flu-like malaise, hemolysis with anemia, hepatomegaly, immune deficiency, jaundice, lymphadenopathy, myalgias,myocarditis, sore throat, splenomegaly, weakened immune response, and an unusual, streaked rash. Swollen glands are typical, especially around the head, neck and arms.

Diagnosis

Blood test or antibody level test

PCR Test or Polymerase chain reaction and tissue biopsy can be used, however they are also insensitive, as are standard blood tests.

Treatment

The common treatment for Bartonella is antibiotics. Erythromycin, Doxycycline, Levofloxacin Rifampin, Azithromycin have been used for standard Bartonella.

 

Links Pertaining to Bartonella

Bartonella spp. Bacteremia and Rheumatic Symptoms in Patients from Lyme Disease–endemic Region 

 

 

Bartonellosis

 

Detection and Identification ofEhrlichia, Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato, andBartonella Species in Dutch Ixodes ricinusTicks

 

Isolation of a New Subspecies, Bartonella vinsoniisubsp. arupensis, from a Cattle Rancher: Identity with Isolates Found in Conjunction withBorrelia burgdorferiand Babesia microti among Naturally Infected Mice

 

Persistence of Bartonella spp. stealth pathogens: from subclinical infections to vasoproliferative tumor formation

 

Bartonella quintana-induced Vulval Bacillary Angiomatosis


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