Heartland Virus

What is Heartland Virus?

Heartland virus belongs to a family of viruses called Phleboviruses.

How is Heartland Virus Transmitted?

Most phleboviruses that cause people to become sick are passed through the bite of a mosquito, tick, or sandfly. Lone Star ticks are thought to be the main vector.

What are the Symptoms of Heartland Virus?

Most patients required hospitalization for their illness. Most patients fully recovered, but one patient died.

  • fever
  • fatigue
  • headache
  • muscle aches
  • diarrhea
  • loss of appetite
  • stomach ache
  • low numbers of cells that fight infection and that help blood clot
    ( leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and mildly to moderately elevated liver transaminases)

How to Reduce your Chances or being infected with Heartland Virus

So far the best prevention method is to avoid ticks. Make sure to avoid grassy, bushy or woody areas. Stick to trails. Wear insect repellent. Perform tick checks and properly remove ticks if found. Click here for more prevention methods.

What we know about Heartland Virus

  • The Heartland virus was first found in patients in Missouri in 2009. However, the virus wasn’t described in the medical literature until 2012. [source]
  • As of 2017, all patients diagnosed with Heartland virus disease became sick during May-September.
  • There is no tests for Heartland Virus, but they are being worked on.
  • There is no cure for Heartland Virus. Treatment consists or supportive measures such as giving fluids as well as measures to reduce pain and fever.
  • It is not yet know if animals can get sick from Heartland Virus.
  • So far cases have been reported in Missouri, Tennessee, Indiana, Arkansas in humans but in many states in animals [source] [source]

Articles on Heartland Virus

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